Tribal (Photo Credits: Wikimedia commons)
The word ‘Adivasi’ is basically made up of the words ‘Adi’ and ‘Vasi’, that is, the native of a particular place. Generally, the word ‘tribal’ (aboriginal) is used for those residents of a geographical area who have the oldest historical connection with that geographical area. People of tribal society often make a special type of flag in their religious places, fields, houses, etc., which are different from other threats. There can be any sign of sun, moon, stars, trees etc. on them, which is related to nature. Actually, tribals are nature worshipers. They worship everything related to nature, animals, animals, mountains, rivers, streams, fields. According to him, there is life in everything provided by nature. Due to the tendency to remain isolated from the common society and inaction of the administration, their basic development could not take place. The result of which is that many of their groups have either gone extinct or are on the verge of extinction. Therefore, keeping in view the promotion of fundamental rights and protection of tribals, the General Assembly of the United Nations started celebrating World Tribal Day from December 1994. Here we will talk about the objectives of celebrating World Tribal Day and their problems etc.
In the 21st century, the United Nations (UNO) realized that tribal society suffers from problems like neglect, unemployment and bonded child labor. The United Nations Working Group on Indigenous Peoples was formed to solve these problems, implement and protect the human rights of the tribals, which met on 9 August 1982. Since then (UNO) has announced to celebrate ‘World Tribal Day’ on 9 August every year with its member countries. In 2004, the assembly announced a second international tribal decade from 2005–2015, with the theme of ‘A Decade for Action and Dignity’.
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Purpose and reason:
People from different countries are encouraged to participate in events organized on this day to spread the messages of the United Nations by tribal groups. One of the reasons for organizing this day special is that the common society recognizes, along with their many achievements, contributions, that the tribal communities have always been striving to improve the basic issues of the world like environmental protection, the benefit of which The whole world gets it.
Tribals in India:
The tribals constitute 8.6 percent of the total population of India. Major tribal communities of the country include Jat, Gond, Munda, Khadia, Ho, Bodo, Bhil, Khasi, Sahariya, Santhal, Meena, Oraon, Pardhan, Birhor, Pardhi, Andhra, Tokare Koli, Mahadev Koli, Malhar Koli, Takanakar etc. Huh. Four main classes of tribals are seen in the country. In the first category, per-culture dominant groups, in the second, groups undervalued by cultures, in the third, but groups affected by culture but independent cultural existence and in fourth class, cultures have been accepted to such an extent that they are now called nominal tribals. Go. In ancient times, tribals contributed significantly to the development of Indian tradition. Some of the very changed forms in their customs and culture can be seen in today’s Hindu society, so they were isolated long ago from the main stream of development of Indian society and culture. Tribal groups differ not only from Hindu society in many important aspects, but there are many important differences among these groups. Satisfaction is that due to contemporary economic powers and social influences, the distance between tribal groups and common Indian society is currently decreasing respectively.
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Main problems of tribals:
The main problem of tribals is, malnutrition and the diseases resulting from it, contagious diseases, continuous increase in the death rate of mother and child due to lack of proper treatment for pregnant women, poverty, debt, bonded labor, ignorance, child labor, unemployment, illiteracy. And so on. According to the 2011 census, 41 percent of the tribals are illiterate. Another important reason in their social uplift is addiction to alcohol and other drugs. Due to which they become violent as well as indulge in violent acts like looting. According to experts, a similar political system was implemented in British-ruled India, from which their traditional rights were taken away and the same tradition continues today. Sometimes due to the activities of development, sometimes due to the tendencies of not being in touch, the problems of tribals could not be eradicated. In this way, it can be said that on the occasion of World Tribal Day, a lot of efforts will have to be made to bring the tribals in the mainstream of the Indian government and the general society.