These statistics related to poverty in India will make you surprised
Hyderabad: India’s war with poverty has been going on for decades. It has never been easier for a large part of our population to come out of poverty. India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world and it is expected to continue even further, so far as the state of poverty is concerned, our continuous efforts have resulted in many positive developments recently. Let’s take a look at these.
India slips down a notch
India has the highest number of people living in extreme poverty for many decades. However, in the last ten years, India has slipped a notch in the list. The African country of Nigeria is now home to the largest number of poor people in the world, with 87 million people living in extreme poverty, which is quite sad.
Fall in poverty is no small matter
According to the Multidimensional Poverty Index of 2018, the number of poor people in India has decreased by 271 million in the last decade. This is a huge progress, and has reduced the total number of poor multidimensional poor in India by half.
The Multidimensional Poverty Index is a powerful tool for measuring the overall economic condition of an individual.
The fall has positively impacted other fronts
The National Millennium Development Goal Report states that along with economic reforms, India has also seen progress on education and healthcare fronts. However, much more needs to be done on the fronts of neonatal care, adult education and communicable diseases, we are only looking upwards in the future.
We have e-commerce to thank!
India’s GDP has increased significantly in the last two decades. E-commerce has also contributed significantly to the increase in GDP, which has been seen in the last few years.
A lot of our women are also doing
Women contribute 17 percent to the country’s GDP, which is less than half the global average. This is quite worrisome, as women constitute around 48 of the total population and constitute a significant part of the workforce.
About this day
In a world characterized by unprecedented levels of economic development, technological resources and financial resources, millions of people are living in extreme poverty.
Poverty is not just an economic issue, but a multidimensional phenomenon, which encapsulates the ability to live in the dignity of both income and deprivation. People living in poverty experience a lack of many interrelated and mutually reinforcing relationships that prevent them from realizing their rights and end their rights, including poverty,
- Hazardous working conditions
- Unsafe housing
- Nutritional deficiency
- Unequal access to justice
- Lack of political power
- Limited access to health care is included.
Last year, the 27th anniversary was announced by the General Assembly in its resolution dated 2 December 1992, 47/196, that 17 October was marked as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty.
It also marked the 32nd anniversary of the Call to Action by Father Joseph Resinski, which celebrated October 17 as World Day to overcome extreme poverty, and the day was recognized by the United Nations as International Day.
2020 Theme: Working together to achieve social and environmental justice for all
Its theme this year addresses the challenge of achieving social and environmental justice for all.
The increasing recognition of the multidimensionality of poverty means that these two issues are inseparably interconnected and that social justice cannot be fully realized without aggressively environmental reforms at the same time, while income poverty There has been progress in addressing, within a more holistic approach, little success in addressing other important dimensions of poverty, including the rapidly increasing impact of the environment.
People living in extreme poverty, often through sheer necessity, tend to act decisively within their communities in response to poverty, climate change and environmental challenges. However, their efforts and experience often go unnoticed and become unattainable. Their ability to contribute positively to solutions has been overlooked, they are not recognized as drivers of change and their voices are not heard, especially in international bodies.
It has to be changed. The participation, knowledge, contribution and experience of people living in poverty and those who need to be valued, respected and reflected in our efforts to create an equal and sustainable world in which there is social and environmental justice for all.
To ensure the right to adequate and nutritious food for all and to end hunger by 2030, we must not only make our food systems fair, healthy, flexible and environmentally friendly, but they must be re-prepared.
Make the food system work better for people and the planet.
Small farmers have to be supported.
Local and regional food markets should be strengthened.
The price of food should not be dictated only by its weight or quantity.
To curb the spread of agricultural pests and diseases, governments should promote sound biodiversity practices across value chains.
All countries should promote, develop and implement circular food economies.
Improve food system operation
Governments should follow the principles outlined in the United Nations Guidelines on Human Rights Respect, Trade and Human Rights and legally hold food system actors responsible for protecting the environment. Governments and investors should adopt an integrated land use plan and ensure land tenure security, especially for marginal groups, in line with national voluntary guidelines on responsible governance of land, fisheries and forests in the context of national food security. In addition, governments should strengthen and encourage local and participatory governance.
Expand social investment for flexibility
Governments should build social security systems, including universal health coverage and social security. Apart from this, job training should be provided for rural youth and urban poor.
They should expand education on maternal and child health care as well as healthy diet and child feeding practices.
Governments should formulate and implement holistic plans to ensure accessible local and national water, sanitation (WASH) systems, which are important to include health.
Governments, donors, and non-governmental organizations must work with trusted and monitored organizations by communities to ensure social security programs are better and fair and to promote gender equality and social cohesion.
Make development interventions more equitable and sustainable
Governments, donors, actors and NGOs should carefully tailor their responses to food and health crises and work with community organizations to ensure that its benefits reach the most vulnerable people. Arrived.
Governments should prioritize the production and supply of food as essential services. They should ensure equal access to emergency assistance for both humans and animals, including new technologies such as medical supplies.
There should be peace for the supply of local food, the authorities should acquire the goods and services of the donor-country. Apart from this, whenever possible, humanitarian and developmental work should be provided in the form of cash and voucher assistance.
To track and address hunger, governments must create data that is timely, comprehensive, and disaggregated by income, subspace and gender.
Strengthen international cooperation and regulations
Trade disparities should be reduced along with trade barriers of high-income countries. Business policies of governments should align with development goals and create market incentives for sustainable food economies.
Existing human rights-based multilateral mechanisms and international standards, such as the Committee on World Food Security, must be strengthened to create inclusive policy and support sustainable food systems.
Governments should use the upcoming opportunities, including the United Nations Food System Summit, to strengthen their commitments to equal and sustainable development.
Facts related to everyday conflict
Two-thirds of people live in poverty in India. 68.8% of the Indian population lives on less than $ 2 a day. More than 30 percent of people who have less than $ 1.25 per day available for living are considered extremely poor. This figure makes the Indian subcontinent one of the poorest countries in the world, the most vulnerable members of Indian society are women and children, who suffer the most.
India is the second most populous country after China with about 1.2 billion people and the seventh largest country in the world with an area of 3,287,000 sq km.
China has enjoyed a growth rate of up to 10 per cent over many years and is one of the largest economies in the world with a gross domestic product (GDP) of US $ 1,644 billion, but this impressive economic boom has only contributed to the growth of the Indian population. A small percentage has benefited, as most of the people in India are still living in poverty.
Poverty in India: from village to township
More than 800 million people in India are considered poor. Most of them live in rural areas and do odd jobs.
The lack of employment that provides a vibrant wage in rural areas brings many Indians to fast-growing metropolitan areas such as Bombay, Delhi, Bangalore or Kolkata. There, most people expect lives of poverty and despair in mega-slums, which are made of millions of corrugated iron items. These people live here without adequate drinking water, garbage disposal and without electricity supply.
Due to lack of hygiene, most of the children here suffer from a disease like cholera and die. Poverty in India affects children, families and individuals in various ways, such as-
High infant mortality
lack of education
HIV / AIDS
Poverty and employment generation programs in India
The United Nations-released Global Multidimensional Poverty Index-2018 stated that between 2005/06 and 2015/16, 271 million people in India came out of poverty.
The poverty rate in the country is almost half, which has come down from 55 percent to 28 percent in a span of ten years.
A large part of the population in India is still living below the poverty line. According to the Tendulkar Committee, according to an estimate it is about 21.9 percent of the total population of the country.
Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP):
Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP), which was launched in 1978-79 and was universal from October 2, 1980, aimed at assisting the rural poor in the form of subsidies and bank loans for employment opportunities through the gradual plan period. Had to provide.
On 1 April 1999, Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) was created by merging the IRDP and allied programs. SGSY emphasizes on organizing self-help groups, capacity-building, planning of activity groups, infrastructure support, technology, credit and marketing linkages to the rural poor.
Jawahar Rozgar Yojana / Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana:
Under the wage employment programs, the National Rural Employment Program (NREP) and the Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Program (RLEGP) were introduced in the sixth and seventh schemes.
NREP and RLEGP were merged under the Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) in April 1989.
National Rural JRY, under the pay employment programs, was meant to create meaningful employment opportunities for the unemployed through the creation of economic infrastructure and community and social wealth in rural areas.
JRY was re-launched as Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY) from 1 April 1999. It has now become a program for the creation of rural economic infrastructure with job creation as a secondary objective.
Rural Housing – Indira Awas Yojana:
The objective of the Indira Awaas Yojana (LAY) program was to provide free housing to below poverty line (BPL) families in rural areas.
It was first merged with the Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) in 1989 and was separated under a separate housing scheme for the rural poor in 1996.
The Food for Work program was started in 2000-01. It was first started in eight drought-hit states of Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Uttarakhand. Its purpose was to increase food security through wage employment.
Total Rural Employment Scheme (SGRY):
The jgsy and food for work program were renovated and merged with effect from 1 September 2001 under the new Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (sgry) scheme.
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) 2005:
It was started on 2 February 2005. Under this, there was a provision to provide 100 days of assured employment to every rural household every year. One-third of the proposed jobs were reserved for women.
The main objectives of the scheme are wage employment, construction of sustainable economic infrastructure in rural areas and provision of food and nutritional security for the poor.
Under the program, if an applicant is not given employment within 15 days, then he will be entitled to daily unemployment allowance.
Key features of MNREGA:
Time bound guarantee of employment
Labor intensive work
Transparency and Accountability
Sufficient funds by central government
National Food for Program:
It was launched on 14 November 2004 in the 150 most backward districts of the country. The objective of the program was to make available additional resources available under the Total Rural Employment Scheme. It was a 100% centrally funded program.
National Rural Livelihood Mission: Ajivika (2011):
This is a skill and placement initiative of the Ministry of Rural Development. It is a part of the National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM).
It develops the need to diversify the needs of the rural poor and provide them employment with regular income on a monthly basis. Under this, self-help groups are formed at the village level to help the needy.
Prime Minister’s Skill Development Scheme:
On 21 March 2015, the cabinet approved a plan to provide skill training to 1.4 million youth with a total outlay of Rs 1120 crore.
This scheme has been implemented with the help of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship through National Skill Development Corporation. It will focus on the labor market, especially the labor market and new admissions for the students who have left class 10th and 12th.
On 21 January 2015, a program of 500 crore was launched by the Ministry of Urban Development in New Delhi to preserve and rejuvenate the rich cultural heritage of the country. Initially it was launched in 12 cities. These include Amritsar, Varanasi, Gaya, Puri, Ajmer, Mathura, Dwarka, Badami, Velankanni, Kanchipuram, Warangal and Amravati.
All these programs play / are playing a very important role in the development of all sections of the society, so as to ensure the concept of holistic development in the real sense.