According to a study in India, the five highest risk factors for death in 2019 were air pollution, high blood pressure, tobacco consumption, poor diet and high blood sugar levels. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD), published on Friday in the journal Lancet, studied more than 286 causes of death and more than 369 illnesses in more than 200 countries and regions worldwide.
The study showed that life expectancy in India has increased by more than 10 years in the last three decades since 1990, but there is considerable disparity between states in these cases. According to the study, life expectancy in India was 59.6 years in the year 1990, which increased to 70.8 years in 2019. In Kerala it is 77.3 years while in Uttar Pradesh it is 66.9 years. Srinivas Goli of the Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar, included in the study, says that in India ‘healthy life expectancy is not as accidental as life expectancy increases’ because “people are spending more years with disease and disabilities.
The study found that the biggest factors in health loss in India in the last 30 years are non-infectious diseases like heart disease, diabetes, COPD and seizures. According to the study, the top five risk factors for death in India in 2019 are air pollution (responsible for about 16.7 lakh deaths), high blood pressure (14.7 lakh), tobacco use (12.3 lakh), poor diet (11.8 lakh) and high Blood sugar (responsible for 11.2 million deaths).
According to scientists, high blood pressure is the third major dangerous factor after air pollution, which accounts for 10–20 percent of health losses in eight states of India.