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‘It’s heartbreaking’: African continent urgently needs vaccine

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'It's heartbreaking': African continent urgently needs vaccine

Symbolic picture (Photo Credits: ANI)

Cape Town, June 9 (AP) : Africa is unfortunately lagging behind in countries vaccinating their citizens to control the COVID-19 pandemic. According to Johns Hopkins University, which collects data related to Kovid-19 globally, South Africa, the country with the strongest economy in the continent and most affected by the Kovid-19 epidemic, has so far only 0.8 percent of the total population. Vaccines have been given. Thousands of health workers of this country are still waiting for their turn to get vaccinated.

At the same time, in Nigeria, Africa’s largest country with a population of 200 million, only 0.1 percent of the people have been vaccinated, while in Kenya with a population of 50 million, this figure is even less. Uganda has had to get the vaccines back from rural areas because it does not have vaccines to deal with the infection in the big cities. The Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said that until last week in Chad, no person had been vaccinated. At the same time, there are at least five countries in this continent, where no vaccine has been given to any person so far. Also read: COVID-19 Update: 6,019 new cases of corona virus in Odisha

The World Health Organization (WHO) said last week that the continent, with a population of 130 crore, is facing a serious vaccine shortage at a time when a new wave of epidemics is affecting people here. Vaccine delivery to Africa has ‘nearly stopped’. Africa CDC director Dr John Nikengsong said that this is a matter of great concern and anger. On the other hand, when it comes to America and Britain compared to Africa, more than 40 percent of the population, including adults and the elderly, who are at higher risk of infection, have been vaccinated. At the same time, citizens of countries that give vaccine doses to 20 percent or more of the population in Europe are thinking about celebrating the summer holidays.

Even young people at low risk from COVID-19 in the US, France and Germany are being given the vaccine. He appealed to the leaders of wealthy countries at the G-7 meeting this week in an interview to Let him share the dose of remaining vaccines and don’t shoulder the burden of ‘moral catastrophe’. South African human rights lawyer Fatima Hassan said, “People are dying and the wheel of time is turning against us.” This is very heart-wrenching.

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The goal of eliminating HIV in children is still a long way off, some commitments must be met

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The goal of eliminating HIV in children is still a long way off, some commitments must be met

Symbolic Image, (Photo Credits: PIXABAY)

Durban/Cape Town, 13 June : (The Conversation) World leaders under the auspices of the United Nations have recently re-emphasised their commitment to ending AIDS. This new phase raises hope for the future provided the commitments made are fulfilled. The accepted political declaration and its recommendations offer strategies to end mother-to-child transmission of HIV and pediatric AIDS. These include dealing with the discrimination faced by adolescents living with HIV. The commitments also include an interim goal of reducing the viral load (the amount of virus present in the blood of an infected person) by 75 percent of all children living with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) by 2023.

An increased emphasis on strategies and advanced equipment to detect and test children with HIV is a welcome move. These include early diagnostic screening of newborns at the care centre, family screening and self-examination to identify older children and adolescents who are not receiving treatment. If history is seen, children are among the most ignored groups affected by HIV. The pediatric targets set for 2020 were largely not met. For example, the HIV treatment coverage rate for children by 2020 was 95 percent. But till 2019, only 53 percent of the children were getting treatment. In 2020, 150,000 children are estimated to be infected with HIV worldwide. The target was to bring the cases of infection to 20,000. Also read: Corona Vaccine: Health Ministry said – more than one crore 53 lakh vaccines are still available with the states

Failure to meet these goals is a global failure. The situation was made worse by the COVID-19 global pandemic, which disrupted HIV-related services for children and pregnant women in 2020. Failure to meet these targets for children and adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa, with 90 percent of children living with HIV, means new cases of infection will continue to rise and AIV-related deaths remain a frightening reality for many decades to come. I can keep coming. The high-level meeting of the United Nations in June 2021 brought an opportunity to put the Pediatric HIV Action Plan back on track. The new political announcement was made in consultation with member states, communities and partners from nearly 160 countries and HIV statistics. The result of excessive analysis of .

In line with the 2021 Political Declaration, it is emphasized that national governments review their national strategies and commit to providing resources to address these key pediatric HIV issues. These issues are: prevention of transmission of infection from mother to child, screening and treatment of HIV in children and prevention and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) and HIV. Prevention of Vertical Transmission Programs to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV have been increased. But this transmission is increasing in many African countries. Another similar concern is that antiretroviral (anti-rotavirus) therapy coverage for pregnant women with HIV is much lower (less than 50 percent) in West and Central African countries such as Nigeria and Angola compared to South Africa. In 2017, one in five babies born to mothers living with HIV were becoming infected with HIV during birth or during breastfeeding, a very worrying situation. Also read: Madhya Pradesh: Kinnar arrested for hurting religious sentiments

We advocate for better planning for comprehensive HIV prevention during pregnancy and lactation, access to ‘Preexposure Prophylaxis’ (PrEP) and other innovative prevention technologies. According to the guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO), pregnant women should be tested for HIV multiple times during pregnancy and women who are found infected should be started on antiretroviral therapy immediately. Pediatric HIV Testing and Treatment

In the year 2020, 74,000 children were infected in East and South Africa. And 46,000 children under the age of 15 died due to AIDS. It is extremely important that all newborn babies exposed to HIV are tested at the age of four to six weeks. Treatment should be started for all those who are infected with HIV because without treatment 50 percent of children will die within the age of two years.

TB and HIV in children

TB is the leading cause of illness and death in children living with HIV. Children under the age of 15 years account for 12 percent of the 10 million cases of TB worldwide. TB prevention therapy is proven and effective, especially in young children. But only 27 percent of the 1.3 million children under the age of five got this therapy in 2018. TB is a very dangerous infection in children living with HIV. Those whose immune system is very weak are at five times more risk of getting TB. In view of the problems faced by pediatric HIV related services due to the upcoming waves of COVID-19, there is a need to prioritize the prevention of vertical infection and pediatric screening and treatment services to achieve the new commitments. These commitments can be met through strong community-led responses with the government, increasing household and donor funding for HIV and AIDS, particularly for low-income countries, and mobilizing resources for pediatric HIV and TB related services.

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Pregnant women advised to regularly vaccinate mRNA Kovid-19

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Pregnant women advised to regularly vaccinate mRNA Kovid-19

Symbolic photo (Photo Credits: Pixabay)

Auckland (New Zealand), 13 June : (The Conversation) New Zealand and Australia will provide pregnant women with regular doses of Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine in the wake of the latest vaccination advice. It has been reported in a study that pregnant women are more prone to serious infections than the general population, due to which this decision was taken. The vaccine has not been reported to pose any health risks to the health of vaccinated pregnant women worldwide. Vaccination during pregnancy can also protect the baby. During the study, antibodies were found in umbilical cord blood and also in breast milk.

This indicated that vaccination provides temporary protection to children before and after birth. It is similar to influenza and whooping cough vaccines that are given during pregnancy. Breastfeeding women also do not have any concerns about health safety due to the anti-Covid-19 vaccine and women trying to conceive should not delay vaccination. There is no problem in pregnancy after vaccination. When the New Zealand government introduced the vaccination scheme in March, pregnant women were placed in the third group on a priority basis. There are 17 lakh people in this group who are at high risk of Kovid-19. This decision reflects the information available at the time. Also read: Senior Uttarakhand Congress leader Indira Hridayesh passes away, CM Rawat expressed grief

An international study showed that pregnant women need more intensive hospital care when infected with Kovid-19 than the rest of the population. Just as people aged 65 years and above or people suffering from various diseases are more likely to need hospitalization, similarly pregnant women are also at higher risk. People from these groups are more likely to become seriously ill if infected. The ‘Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists’ has previously published similar advice saying that women can get the vaccine at any stage of pregnancy, especially if they are in a high-risk population, but they did not recommend the community Routine universal immunization is not advised in case the infection rate is low. Also read: Delhi Unlock: All markets, malls, restaurants will open in Delhi from Monday – these things are still banned

In New Zealand it has become urgent to review the initial advisory, as local vaccination centers have begun to vaccinate third group people as part of the campaign. In addition, the ‘bubble agreement’ on travel with Australia and the Cook Islands meant that people were more likely to come into contact with the infected. More studies are now emerging about the risks of COVID-19 infection in pregnancy, and there is growing international experience with the administration of mRNA-based vaccines (such as Pfizer-BioNTech) to pregnant women. Pregnant women were not included in the initial clinical trials to assess the safety of vaccines, but there has been no evidence of harm from being given the vaccine during pregnancy. Pregnant women are now also being included in the testing of vaccines in the US. The results of the study are expected by the end of this year.

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America: Two killed, 30 injured in shooting incidents in three US states

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America: Two killed, 30 injured in shooting incidents in three US states

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These incidents have raised the possibility of a further increase in such cases of violence in America as summer has started and due to the easing of restrictions due to Coronavirus, people are meeting each other- Permission has been granted to merge. These incidents took place on the night of Friday and Saturday in the Texas capital Austin, Chicago and Savannah in Georgia. Police in Austin have caught a suspect and are looking for another. 14 people have been injured in a shooting incident in Austin. The Austin Police Department said in a press release that the ‘US Marshals Lone Star Fugitive Task Force’ is being used to nab the accused, although they did not give further details in this regard. He said that they are trying to nab the suspect based on the leads, who is still absconding.

Interim Police Chief Joseph Chacon said the shooting took place on the road around 1.30 pm. There are several bars along the road and barricades have been put in place to prevent vehicular movement. He told that the investigating officers believe that the firing started after a dispute between the two sides. Chacon said that both the suspects are men and the investigation is going on. “Most of the victims are innocent pedestrians, but we are finding out why they were present at the time of the incident,” he said, adding that officials immediately reached the spot after the incident. The official said that there was chaos due to the blockade of the road. The police took the six injured to the hospital in their car. Four patients were taken to the hospital by ambulance and four others reached the hospital on their own. Governor Greg Abbott issued a statement thanking the police and wishing the victims a speedy recovery. Abbott said the state’s Department of Public Safety is helping with the investigation. Chacon said that the assistance of the FBI and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Weapons is also being sought in the case. Also read: America: Willing To Work With India And Internet Companies: US Officials

Matt Perlstein, an eyewitness, told KXAN-TV that he was waiting to enter the bar with a friend when the shooting happened. Meanwhile, two men opened fire on a group of people standing by the side of a road in Chatham, on the south end of Chicago, killing a woman and injuring nine others. The attackers are absconding and have not been identified till Saturday afternoon. Police in Savannah, Georgia, said one person was killed and seven others were injured in a shooting Friday evening. Among the injured are two children, one of whom is 18 months old and the other 13 years old. Savannah Police Chief Roy Minter Jr. said the shooting appeared to be the result of a dispute between two groups.

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