Monsoon Photo Credits: PTI
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday gave an example of Mandavali in Karnataka and Vadora in Gujarat and appealed to every citizen of the country to save water. The Prime Minister has made this appeal at a time when per capita water consumption has increased three times due to Corona epidemic. In the summer season, the ground water level of many cities of the country reaches near zero, in such a situation, the monsoon season is the only time when the water can be harvested in good quantity. Yes, we are going to talk about rainwater harvesting which is needed by every person in the next two to three months. Before talking about water conservation, we will tell you about those two places, which the Prime Minister mentioned in the 13th episode of Mann Ki Baat 2.0. The first place is Mandavali in Karnataka, where an ordinary farmer named Kamegowda has overcome the scarcity of water in his area. At the same time, this Vadodara where rain water harvesting plants were set up with the help of district administration.
The Prime Minister said to the 80-85 year old Kamegowda, “Kamegowda ji is an ordinary farmer, but his personality is very extraordinary. He has done such a thing that no one will be surprised. Kamegowda grazes his animals , But, at the same time they have also pioneered to build new ponds in their area. They want to overcome the problem of water in their area, therefore, in the work of water conservation, the work of making small ponds. Kamegowda has so far dug 16 ponds. With his hard work, by his hard work, the ponds he has built may not be very big, but, his efforts are huge. Today, The whole area has got a new life from these ponds.
Giving an example of Gujarat’s Vadodara, PM Modi said, “In Vadodara, the district administration and the local people started an interesting campaign together. Because of this campaign, today in Vadodara, rain water harvesting in one thousand schools is done for rain water harvesting. Plants have been set up. It is estimated that due to this, every year, on an average about 100 million liters of water is being saved from running waste.
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Water crisis will deepen in future:
According to a report by World Resource Institute, 17 countries including India are going to face water crisis in the near future. At the time of independence, our per capita water availability was 5000 cubic meters, which has now come down to 1540 cubic meters. It is believed that if this figure goes below 1500 cubic meters of water, then the country will be considered as having water shortage. The main reason for this is that our population, which was 30-32 crores at the time of independence, has increased to 132 crores today. After rivers, the highest water supply in the country comes from the exploitation of ground water. We are using about 750 billion cubic meters of groundwater every year, while only 450 billion cubic meters of water is recharged from the rain. Meaning we are taking water from our accumulated capital every year. The result is that there are 22 percent blocks where there is a groundwater crisis. These days, compared to earlier, the rainfall is also less.
Understand the mathematics of saving water:
Incidents of erratic rainfall have increased due to global warming and climate change. Because of this, the whole world is afraid of the danger that stands in front of it. Our rainy season has reduced. During monsoon, 90 percent of the water is rained in 45 days. Therefore, we need to conserve water for 45 days after remaining for the remaining 320 days. We have reduced the number of water sources here. Many of the ponds which we had seen filled earlier, have disappeared. Therefore, we need to change our behavior. In the ambitious plan of Modi government, tap water has been included in every house by 2024. Even after 73 years of independence, only 18 percent of rural households had access to drinking water through the tap. It needs to be expanded. Now, a target has been set to deliver water from tap to the remaining houses by 2024. The most important thing is that under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan many social organizations have come forward for rainwater harvesting and they have worked to change the picture of their area.
It is said that saving one drop of water is equivalent to making one drop of water. Water guards have also worked in this direction. Today, there are many villages with a population of 3 thousand to 4 thousand, where two and a half lakh liters of water is released daily. There are many examples where the village committee has purified this water and used it in horticulture. With this, the annual income of the village has increased to 6-10 lakhs. Awareness campaign was conducted at the village level to make Jal Shakti Abhiyan a mass movement. Emphasis was laid on conservation of traditional ponds and reservoirs, ground water recharge, water shed development and plantation with the theme ‘Accumulated Water and Better Tomorrow’. Today the campaign has to be maintained. Every single drop of water is life-giving. It is important to emphasize on the economical use of water. The purpose of water conservation and water harvesting program is water, if it is tomorrow, it is not just a saying but a reality of life. Which we all should understand.
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Union Waterpower Minister Gajendra Singh Shekhawat says, “During the global epidemic of Corona, we have to work more seriously on the water crisis. Government schemes are going on, but it requires public participation. Society also takes seriousness in this direction. There is a need to work with it. Today both environment and water have emerged as a challenge for us. “